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What Are the Most Common Causes of Hand Pain?

woman with hand painFrom picking up a young child to working on a computer, you use your hands in a variety of different ways every day. But when your hands hurt or don’t have their normal strength or range of motion, it can interfere with your ability to complete your daily tasks.

Hand pain is a common symptom that can be caused by a variety of issues. In this blog, Dr. Ather Mirza and Dr. Justin Mirza, orthopedic physicians at Mirza Orthopedics, explain the common causes of hand pain.

What are the common causes of hand pain?

Hand pain can be caused by the following conditions:

  • De Quervain’s tendinitis – also called de Quervain’s tendinitis, this condition causes the wrist tendons at the base of the thumb to become irritated or inflamed. Often caused by repetitive motion, de Quervain’s tendinitis can cause pain and make it difficult for you to hold objects.
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome – caused by swelling of the median nerve that runs from your forearm to your palm. It can cause burning, itching, tingling, and reduced grip strength, all of which can get worse over time. It can be caused by a variety of issues, including mechanical problems in the wrist joint or injury to the wrist.
  • Bone fracture (break) – can cause pain, swelling, and loss of movement.
  • Arthritis – causes joints to lose their protective cartilage, resulting in pain and swelling.
  • Stenosing tenosynovitis (trigger finger or locking fingers) – causes your fingers or thumbs to become locked in a bent position. This condition occurs when your flexor tendons become irritated and thickened, although the cause for this is often unknown.
  • Flexor tendon injuries – occurs when a long tendon that extends from your wrist to your hands is cut or otherwise damaged, causing pain and a reduced ability to bend your fingers.
  • Hand sprains and strains – stretches or tears in a ligament (sprains) or tendon (strains), often caused by falls or everyday activities. This injury can cause pain and swelling.
  • Dupuytren’s contracture (bent fingers) – affects the cords of tissue under the skin of your palm, causing one or more fingers to be pulled into a bent position. It causes no pain but makes everyday tasks difficult.

When should you see a doctor?

If you have pain that doesn’t go away with the use of over-the-counter pain medication and rest, you should see an orthopedist who specializes in treating injuries and conditions of the hand. This is especially true if you’re experiencing joint pain or having tingling or numbness for prolonged periods of time.

Many issues that can affect your hand will get worse over time without treatment, so it’s often best to see a doctor sooner rather than later.

What types of treatment are available?

Depending on the cause of your pain, your doctor may first suggest physical therapy and/or resting your hand or finger by using a splint. A corticosteroid shot can sometimes also be administered to help provide relief from pain and inflammation.

If these types of treatments don’t provide enough relief from pain and do enough to restore your hand’s strength and range of motion, your doctor may recommend surgery.

If you’re experiencing hand pain, make an appointment today with Mirza Orthopedics in Smithtown, NY. We’re the area’s premier orthopedic hand, wrist, elbow, and shoulder center, offering the latest nonsurgical and surgical treatment options.

Our experienced orthopedists combine technical expertise and innovation with compassionate care that’s patient-centered. We’ll recommend the most conservative, effective treatments possible to help you get the relief you need to resume your daily tasks without pain or limitations.

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